PROXIMATE AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSES OF MATURE STEM BARK OF Terminalia macroptera Guill. & Perr.
 /  PROXIMATE AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSES OF MATURE STEM BARK OF Terminalia macroptera Guill. & Perr.

PROXIMATE AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSES OF MATURE STEM BARK OF Terminalia macroptera Guill. & Perr.

*A. E. Akpovona 1 , I. O. Onoagbe 2 and T. P. Prohp 3

Abstract
The proximate and phytochemical constituents of matured stem bark of Terminalia macroptera (TM)
were investigated. Aqueous and ethanolic extracts of the plant’s stem bark were obtained by
conventional solvent extraction (CSE) and analyzed using spectrophotometry and gravimetry
methods. The results showed moisture (5.26 ± 0.11 %), ash (2.68 ± 0.06 %), fibre (6.67 ± 0.16 %),
lipid (0.53 ± 0.01 %), protein (11.84 ± 0.45 %) and carbohydrate (73.01 ± 0.60 %) contents. The stem
bark of TM also revealed the presence of alkaloids, cyanogenic glycosides, anthraquinones,
terpenoids, flavonoids, tannins and saponins with extractive values of 1.54 ± 0.18 % and 5.20 ± 0.60
% for the aqueous and ethanol solvents respectively. The therapeutic claims arising from the use of
the stem bark extracts may be attributed to the presence of these phytochemicals.

Journal Article
PDF, 106.8KB
Creative Commons LicenseCreative Commons license
Biological Sciences
Biochemistry
Phytochemicals, Conventional solvent extraction, Terminalia macroptera
Christian Bassey
12th April, 2018
12th April, 2018
http://oer.mciu.edu.ng/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/1-akpovonaambrose.pdf


Staff Profile Download

MICHAEL AND CECILIA IBRU UNIVERSITY

Ibru Village
Agbarha – Otor
Ughelli North
Delta State
Nigeria

Admissions

CONNECT WITH US

Registry