Monday Abel Otache, Simon Terver Ubwa and Agbajor Kparobo Godwin
The nutrient yields from three different peels of sweet cassava cultivars (Manihot esculenta Crantz)
from three local government areas of Otukpo, Apa and Ushongo in Benue State were investigated.
These cultivars include; TMS 98/0581, TMS 98/0505, and TMS 98/0524. The proximate analysis
and mineral contents were determined according to the method of A.O.A.C. (1990) and triple acid
digestion respectively. The results of the proximate analysis of the peels reveal the various ranges
of values (69.03 -72.00) %, (85.97 – 89.32) %, (1.06 -3.55) %, (0.40 -1.33) %, (5.44 -8.63) % and
(1.28 -4.05) % of moisture, dry matter, crude protein, fat, crude fiber and ash content respectively.
Altogether the three cultivars have an appreciable high value of carbohydrates with the highest
value (73.07 -77.28) % found in TMS 98/0524 while TMS 98/0505 has the lowest value (69.35 –
74.64) %. The mineral contents show ranges of (9.90 -19.81) mg/100 g, (7.86 -14.21) mg/100 g,
(70.72 -123.98) mg/100 g, (7.04 -17.38) mg/100 g, (5.16 -7.57) mg/100 g for Ca, Mg, K, Na and Zn
respectively for the various varieties of the local Government areas. The outcome of the three
cassava cultivar showed that cassava peels contained some nutrients. These peels which are
presently disposed as environmental waste can be modified and used as animal feed. The codes
(TMS) are depicting characteristic espoused from the international plants as Tropical Manihot
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Tropical manihot specie (TMS); waste peels; nutrient composition; cultivars.
18th April, 2018
18th April, 2018