HIV/AIDS AND AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT IN SELECTED SUB-SAHARAN AFRICAN COUNTRIES: PANEL ESTIMATION
 /  HIV/AIDS AND AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT IN SELECTED SUB-SAHARAN AFRICAN COUNTRIES: PANEL ESTIMATION

HIV/AIDS AND AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT IN SELECTED SUB-SAHARAN AFRICAN COUNTRIES: PANEL ESTIMATION


Igbaudumhe Peter Sede and Rolle Remi Ahuru

ABSTRACT
Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) constitutes only ten percent of global population yet she
bears sixty percent of global HIV burden. This is, by all means, an over-proportionate
share of global HIV burden. In 1997, of the thirty million people living with HIV,
worldwide, twenty-one million people live in SSA. The study examined the impact of
HIV burden on agricultural output for eleven countries in SSA for the period 2001-
2011. Most countries in SSA depend largely on agricultural output and because HIV
affects both quantity and quality of labor force, the study fathom that SSA countries
could have their agricultural productivity affected by their huge HIV burden. Pooled
data was obtained from the World Bank data base and balanced panel estimation
technique was utilized. The Hausman test as a heuristic device preferred the fixed
effect model to the random effect model. Findings from the study revealed that HIV
constitutes a drag on agricultural output for the selected countries for the period. The
study, among other, recommended that SSA countries should create more awareness
on rural dwellers on how to prevent the virus and intensify the administration of anti-
retroviral drugs.

Journal Article
PDF
Creative Commons LicenseCreative Commons license
Economics
Economics
HIV, SSA, Panels and agricultural output
Christian Bassey
18th April, 2018
18th April, 2018
http://oer.mciu.edu.ng/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/Rolle-Remi-Ahuru-12.pdf


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