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  1. A Comparative Study on the Phytochemical Screening and in vitro Antioxidant Activity of Methanol Leaf Extracts of Chrysophyllum albidum and Irvingia gabonensis

    Osebhahiemen Ojemekele, Francis Irabor, Osamudiamen Ebohon, Ehimwenma S. Omoregie

    ABSTRACT Chrysophyllum albidum and Irvingia gabonensis have been reported to possess several medicinal values. Most studies on these plants have focused on the fruits rather than the leaves. The present study therefore, evaluated the phytochemical constituents and in vitro antioxidant activity of methanol leaf extracts of Chrysophyllum albidum and Irvingia gabonensis. Photochemical screening was carried on the plant samples using established protocols.The results of the phytochemical screening of both extracts revealed the presence of saponins, flavonoids, alkaloids, steroids and tannins. Terpenoids and cardiac glycosides were below detectable levels in both extracts

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  2. A novel pig feed formulation containing Aspergillus niger CSA35 pretreated-cassava peels and its effect on growth and selected biochemical parameters of pigs

    Akpovwehwee A. Anigboro et. al.

    Abstract This study investigated the effects of Aspergillus niger CSA35 pretreated-cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) peel feed (CPFG) on the body weight gain and some selected biochemical parameters of pigs. Cassava peels treated with biomass of A. niger CSA35 for a period of three weeks to initiate enzymatic digestion of peels were dried, ground and used in varying proportions to formulate pig rations in combination with other feed ingredients.

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  3. A Search for Solution to Corruption in Tertiary Institutions in Delta State of Nigeria

    Daniel D. Whawo, Ph.D.

    Abstract This study was undertaken to extract from staff and students in tertiary institutions strategies that they considered important in providing solution to corruption in their institutions; they had in an earlier study revealed several corrupt practices and their adverse effects on higher education in Delta State of Nigeria.

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  4. A Speech Act Analysis of the Formal Declaration of Interest for Presidency and Inaugural Speeches of President Muhammadu Buhari

    Cynthia Nkechinyere Okoro, M.A.

    Abstract This study investigated the speech acts of two political speeches of President Muhammadu Buhari. The speech acts of locution, illocution and perlocution were analyzed using the Speech Acts Theory of Austin (1962) and Searle (1969 using the illocutionary acts of directive, expressive, declarative, verdictive, commissive and assertive.

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  5. A STUDY OF CORRUPT PRACTICES IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN DELTA STATE OF NIGERIA

    DR. DANIEL D. WHAWO.

    Abstract This study was undertaken to find out if identifiable corrupt practices exist in tertiary institutions in Nigeria and to ascertain the damage they have done to tertiary education. Students and staff (academic and non-academic) of seven (7) tertiary institutions were randomly chosen as respondents to a validated open-ended questionnaire.

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  6. ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF REGULAR AND SPECIAL NEEDS STUDENTS IN INCLUSIVE AND NON-INCLUSIVE CLASSROOM SETTINGS

    Dr. P. U. Ekeh and O. T. Oladayo

    Abstract: This is an ex post facto research designed to determine the extent to which regular (normal) pupils and special needs pupils (visual and hearing impaired) in inclusive and non inclusive classrooms differ in their academic achievement. It was carried out in Port-Harcourt, Rivers State of Nigeria.

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  7. AN EVALUATION OF THE IMPLICATIONS OF EARNINGS EARNING MANAGEMENT DETERMINANTS IN THE BANKING INDUSTRY: THE CASE OF NIGERIA

    DABOR, Eyesan Leslie and IBADIN, Peter Okoeguale

    ABSTRACT The objective of this paper was to ascertain the determinants of earnings management and to evaluate their implications. The study covered a period of 2005-2010. There were a total of twenty-three twenty three banks quoted on the stock exchange within the period. The study selected a sample of all eighteen of these banks quoted on the stock exchange as at 2010.

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  8. An impact assessment of the cassava enterprise development project

    Prof. Dicta Ogisi et. al.

    Introduction Nigeria is the largest producer of cassava in the world with the crop being widely cultivated over many parts of the country, where it plays a vital role in the food security of the rural economy. It provides a livelihood for over 30 million farmers and countless processors and traders all over the country. The crop performs five main roles: as a rural food staple, a famine reserve crop, a cash crop for urban consumption, an industrial raw material, and an earner of foreign exchange.

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  9. Anti- tuberculosis activities of medicinal plants used in the treatment of tuberculosis in HIV patients in Nigeria

    Anochie, P. I. et. al.

    Abstract Local herbalists in Nigeria claimed that extracts of certain parts, that is, stem and seeds obtained from Crinum glaucum,Treculia africana, Erythrina mildbaedi, Ficus thonningii and Xylopis aethiopica are used to treat tuberculosis patients. We conducted a laboratory-based study of this claim scientifically using the procedures employed by the local herbalists. The Mycobacterium tuberculosis strain used in this study was obtained locally and characterized based on cultural and biochemical tests on isolates of bacteriologically proven tuberculosis positive patients.

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  10. APPLICATION OF LABORATORY AND COOPERATIVE FORMS OF PEDAGOGY IN REDUCING STUDENTS’ DIFFICULTIES IN TRIGONOMETRY

    DR. OLADAYO, C. E et. al.

    ABSTRACT This is a quasi experimental research designed to determine the application of laboratory and cooperative forms of pedagogy in reducing students’ difficulties in trigonometry in Imo State, Nigeria. The population was made up of 355 SSS2 students in government secondary schools in Ideato South Local Government Area of Imo State, Nigeria.

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  11. Assessment of Activity Concentration of Radionuclides in Sediment from Oil Producing Communities of Delta State, Nigeria

    Prof. Ibiyinka A. Fuwape et. al.

    ABSTRACT Activity concentrations of twenty-six (26) samples of sediment collected from rivers from eleven (11) oil-producing communities and two (2) non-oil producing communities in Delta state of Nigeria were studied. Hyper Purity Germanium (HPGe) Detector was used for counting and detection of radionuclide content of all samples. Results of the samples analysed showed that the radioactivity concentrations of K40, Th232 and U238 in the sediment samples from oil-producing areas range from 32.47 Bq∙kg−1 to 525.1 Bq∙kg−1 with an average of 302.15 Bq∙kg−1, 6.31 Bq∙kg−1 to 19.33 Bq∙kg−1 with an average of 11.66 Bq∙kg−1, and 4.45 Bq∙kg−1 to 18.69 Bq∙kg−1 with an average of 8.66Bq∙kg−1 respectively.

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  12. Assessment of radiological parameters of soil in Kogi State, Nigeria

    Prof. Ibiyinka Fuwape

    Abstract The natural radioactivity levels of soil samples collected from four local government areas in Kogi State, Nigeria were measured using a hyper-pure germanium detector, and the radiological hazard parameters associated with them were estimated. The measured concentration ranged from 7.82 ± 0.63 to 82.22 ± 1.99 Bq kg−1 for 238U, 11.05 ± 1.10 to 114.86 ± 4.72 Bq kg−1 for 232Th, and 3.38 ± 0.50 to 1272.20 ± 23.36 Bq kg−1 for 40K. Omala local government was found to have the highest concentrations of 238U (44.31 Bq kg−1) and 232Th (52.13 Bq kg−1), while Ajaokuta has the highest concentration of 40K (711.72 Bq kg−1).

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  13. AUDIT FIRM TENURE AND QUALITY OF FINANCIAL REPORTING IN NIGERIA COMPANIES

    Ogbebor Roland Osamudiame , Prof. E. O. Nwadialor , EVBOTA, Cephas Imuentinyan

    ABSTRACT This study examines audit firm tenure and quality of financial reporting in Nigeria. The specific objectives of this study were to determine the relationship between audit tenure, auditor independence, audit firm size and quality of financial reporting. To achieve this objective, secondary data were sourced from a sample of eighty (80) quoted companies for a period of seven (7) years (2011 – 2016). The data were estimated using the Ordinary Least Square (OLS) regression technique with the aid of E-Views 8.0 software. At the end of the analysis, the empirical findings revealed among other things that there is a significant relationship between auditor independence and quality of financial reporting. The study also reveals that there is no significant relationship between audit firm size, audit tenure and quality of financial reporting. The study recommends, among others that the corporate organization in Nigeria should pay proper attention to auditor independence as it’s a major determinant of quality of financial reporting among quoted companies in Nigeria.

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  14. Audit Quality and Cash – Based Earnings Management of Quoted Companies in Nigeria

    Prof. Famous Izedonmi et. al.

    Abstract This study examines the impact and relationship between audit quality and cash - based earnings management of companies in Nigeria. Using archival data based on a sample of 342 companies – year observations from the NSE and applying some commonly applied audit quality measures for purpose of robustness, a massive and all-inclusive multivariate analyses was conducted.

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  15. Audit quality and Earnings Management in Quoted Nigerian Banks

    Eyesan Leslie DABOR and Sylvester ERIABIE

    Abstract The objective of the study is to find out the impact of audit quality on earnings management. The study used a sample of all eighteen banks quoted on the stock exchange as at December, 2010. Data was gathered for the period 2005 to 2010. The cross-sectional year by year regression analysis was performed.

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  16. Auditors Influence on Environmental, Social and Governance Style in Nigeria

    Offor, T.N. PhD, Evbota Cephas.I. B.Sc; M.Sc, Osemwegie O. Joy

    ABSTRACT This paper examines the review of how auditors influence the environmental, social and governance style of companies in Nigeria. The method employed was totally exploratory; it is a library research which entails a review of both conceptual and empirical literature which forms the basis for drawing up conclusion by the researchers. Following literature, we observed the , it was found out that important to a company’s strategy and daily operations, increasingly regarded by investors as relevant to its ability to realize long-term value. Therefore, transparency around how a company manages ESG risks and opportunities is part of its value proposition and auditors play a role here.

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  17. Bayes Approach to the Estimation of Technical Efficiency and Returns to Scale in Agriculture: A Case of Nigeria

    O’raye Dicta Ogisi and Toritseju Begho

    ABSTRACT Most studies in Nigeria have focused on the classical approach to estimating technical efficiency. In this paper, we examine technical efficiency of small farms by estimating a stochastic production frontier model using the Bayesian methodology. The model is applied to farm household data from Nigeria.

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  18. Biotechnological Application of Cassava-Degrading Fungal (CDF) Amylase in Broiler Feed Formulation

    Akpovwehwee A. Anigboro et. al.

    ABSTRACT In this study, an attempt was made to substitute maize (Zea mays L.) content of broiler starter feed with ground cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) peels enzymatically improved with amylase-producing fungi with a view to having a cost-effective yet nutritious and health-friendly feed.

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  19. BOARD REPUTATION, ACADEMIC EXPERTISE, POLITICAL AFFILIATION AND FINANCIAL REPORTING QUALITY

    Eyesan Leslie Dabor and Alexander Olawumi Dabor

    Abstract This study critically examined the impact of board reputation, academic expertise, political and affiliation on financial reporting quality. A sample of ten banks was selected employing simple judgmental sampling technique. Ordinary least square multivariate regression was employed to analyse the data collected.

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  20. CAPITAL BUDGETING PRACTICES IN QUOTED BANKS IN NIGERIA

    EYESAN LESLIE DABOR & KENNEDY PRINCE MODUGU

    ABSTRACT The aim of the paper is provide evidence about the determinants of capital budgeting in Nigeria banks. A sample of Nigerian quoted banks was observed for the year 2012. The study utilized the regression analysis method. The study found a significant positive relationship between fixed asset acquired, and profitability, bank performance and leverage.

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  21. Challenges of Auditors and Audit Reporting in a Corrupt Environment

    Professor Famous Izedonmi et. al.

    ABSTRACT The rising spate of corruption in both private and public establishments has assumed an enormous dimension. This development has eroded public trust in financial statements. Auditors in their duty to expressing professional opinion on the truth and fairness of financials are ostensibly bedeviled with quantum of challenges which could result in the issuance of a clean bill of health to corruption-riddled establishments.

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  22. Chemotherapy of tuberculosis: An update

    Anochie, P. I. et. al.

    Abstract This review examines the chemotherapy of tuberculosis (TB) in humans which will help in the understanding and treatment of the disease. Tuberculosis is spread primarily by inhalation of aerosolized infectious droplet nuclei of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTb) from patients with active pulmonary TB. The most common manifestation of TB in humans is pulmonary disease, but other organs are involved. TB is treated with a combination of anti-tubercular medications given simultaneously such as isoniazide, refampicin, pyrizinamide and ethambutol. The last new drug for treating MTb infections was rifampicin, introduced in 1972.

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  23. CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER DUALITY AND FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF FIRMS IN NIGERIA

    Prof. Famous Izedonmi et. al.

    ABSTRACT The work is centred on CEO Duality and Financial Performance of Firms in Nigeria. The objective of the study is to find out the relationship between CEO Duality and the Financial Performance of Firm. We adopted the use of secondary data from the Nigerian Stock Exchange Fact book drawn from various industries during the period 2001 – 2010 and the regression analysis with its Best Linear Unbiased Estimate (BLUES) was employed to test our hypothesis.

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  24. CLINICAL MANAGEMENT OF HIV/AIDS INFECTION USING ANTIRETROVIRAL DRUGS IN A NIGERIAN ENDEMIC SETTING

    Anochie, P.I et. al.

    Abstract Current HIV/AIDS treatment strategies aim at maximal suppression of virus load levels (the number of free virus particles in the blood plasma) over long periods. Aside from inducing strong side effects, the long term effectiveness of HAART is also limited by the evolution of drug-resistant variants. Even in patients with viral load levels suppressed below detectable limits (50 copies/ml), ongoing viral replication can be found in a variety of tissues and cell types.

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  25. COMPARATIVE DIAGNOSIS OF LARVAE AND OVA OF GASTROINTESTINAL NEMATODES AND TREMATODES IN A CLINICAL LABORATORY

    Anochie, P. I, Okoihue, A

    Abstract This review examines the comparative diagnosis of larvae and ova of gastrointestinal nematodes and trematodes in a clinical laboratory. No procedure used for examining specimens is 100% effective- that is, the procedures will not always recover all the species present and, if a particular species is present in only very low numbers, they may fail to demonstrate them when used on a single specimen.

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  26. Consolidation of School E-Libraries Database Using Multitenancy Approach

    F.I Amadin & A.C. Obienu

    ABSTRACT School Libraries exist to support teaching, learning and research needs of their parent institutions. This is done through the provision of up to date information resources to their users. Librarians and researchers are in search for new ways of serving their users more efficiently and effectively. In this work, we present a multi-tenant library architecture which consolidates multiple databases to improve access to library information resources and effective utilization of database serves thereby reducing the implementation and operational cost of a school library

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  27. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE AND ACCOUNTING QUALITY: EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATIONS FROM NIGERIA

    Eyesan Leslie DABOR and Peter Okoeguale Ibadin (PhD.)

    Abstract Quality decision making is based on the quality of information available to investors and other stakeholders. Financial reports published by companies serve as the major means of financial information. The quality of these reports determines the types of decisions investors make. Various and alternate corporate governance variables have been evaluated in the literature.

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  28. Corporate Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility

    MR. OHONBA OSAMWONYI ERNEST , Dr. OLOWOYO BANJI JACOB, EVBOTA, Cephas Imuentinyan

    INTRODUCTION Organizations fundamentally exist to make profit. The profit intention has regularly been seen as representing lack of cause to worry for every other goals of an organization. However, today organizations are understanding that with a specific end goal to remain productive in a quickly evolving condition, they would need to wind up socially capable. Thusly, the conviction that beyond making benefit for the investors, corporate enterprise ought to likewise serve the interests of every single other partner (stakeholders) has finished into the idea of corporate social responsibility (Ananaba and Chukwuka, 2016).

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  29. Corporate Governance and the Credibility of Financial Statements in Nigeria

    Eyesan Leslie Dabor and Semiu Babatunde Adeyemi

    Abstract Optimal decision-making is based on the quality of information available to the decision maker. Financial statements published by companies are the major sources of financial information available to investors and other stakeholders of the company. The credibility of these financial statements has very salient implications for the quality of decisions that investors can make.

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  30. CREATIVE ACCOUNTING PRACTICES AND INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL REPORTING STANDARDS ADOPTION IN NIGERIA: Listed Non-Financial Services Companies in Perspective.

    OKOUGHENU, Sunday Azeita , EVBOTA, Cephas Imuentinyan, AMUGHORO, Onome Austin

    ABSTRACT The study examined the relationship between creative accounting practices and international financial reporting standards adoption in Nigerian listed non-financial services companies for the year 2012-2017. The study adopted a quantitave research design. The strategy involved a panel regression and data were retrieved from the annual reports and accounts of the studied companies. Rregression was used to analysed the data and it was revealed by fixed effect regression model that IFRSs adoption had a positive and significant relationship with creative accounting practices in Nigerian listed non-financial companies at 1% level of significance.The study concluded that the adoption of IFRSs in Nigerian listed non-financial services companies cannot minimse creative accounting practices, but otherwise, it increased the practices due to the flexibility nature of the standards. Hence, the study recommended that companies should practice good corporate governance process to minimise creative accounting practices in Nigeria.

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  31. CURSORY STUDY OF ACCOUNTING STANDARDS IN NIGERIA, UNITED KINGDOM AND UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

    Dr. J.K.J ONUORA, OSEMWEGIE OKHOMINA JOY, EVBOTA, Cephas Imuentinyan

    ABSTRACT The globalization of the world’s economy and markets have led companies and nations to become world global players. In addition, more investments take place on a global level in comparison to the not too distant past. Before the adoption of the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), different countries developed their own national accounting standards or adopted that of other countries. However, movement of business towards a global economy brought challenges in comparability, objectivity, reliability, understandability amongst other numerous challenges. These accelerated the need to move toward a unified global accounting standards. Thus these challenges spelt the need for a single set of high quality and globally accepted accounting standards which could be acceptable to all countries and accounting bodies worldwide. This study therefore takes a cursory glance at accounting standards as it relates to Nigeria, United Kingdom and United States of America. Standards in Accounting are essential and of utmost importance and as such should not be ignored or neglected in the accounting profession or other related businesses professions. This paper looks at the meaning and reasons for standards, adoption of international financial reporting standards (IFRS) and a cursory comparative analysis of standards in the three countries.

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  32. Description and evaluation of mycobacterium tuberculosis diagnosis

    Anochie, Philip Ifesinachi

    Abstract Early diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) and initiating optimal treatment would not only enable a cure of an individual patient but will also curb the transmission of infection and disease to others in the community. Of the several distinct components of TB control programmes, case-finding remains the cornerstone for effective control.

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  33. DETERMINANTS OF CORPORATE SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF NIGERIA OIL AND GAS COMPANIES

    Evbota Cephas.I. B.Sc; M.Sc, Ukori C.A., Dr. Paschal Ohalehi

    ABSTRACT The paper examined the various determinants of corporate social and environmental disclosures in the oil and gas sector. The broad objective of the study was to examine the social and environmental disclosure of oil and gas companies in Nigeria and also to investigate the impact of firm size, profitability, financial leverage, firm age and audit firm size on social and environmental disclosure of oil and gas companies in Nigeria. A cross sectional survey research design was utilized by the study. With respect to sample selection, a total of 10 oil and gas companies were selected out of the 17 oil and gas companies quoted on the floor of the Nigerian stock exchange for the period of 4 years ranging from 2011 to 2014. From the result of the descriptive statistics it was observed that corporate social and environmental disclosure stood at a mean value of 0.522 therefore indicating that the degree of social and environmental disclosure of the sampled companies stood at 52%.

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  34. DETERMINANTS OF PERSONAL INCOME TAX COMPLIANCE: PERCEPTION OF NIGERIAN TAXPAYERS

    Prof. Famous Izedonmi et. al.

    ABSTRACT This study examines the Determinants of Personal Income Tax Compliance. The study anchors on the fiscal exchange theory and social & psychological theory to predict the determinants of personal income tax compliance. The survey research design was adopted and questionnaire was distributed to elicit responses from self-employed persons.

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  35. Determinants of Supply and Demand of African Star Apple ( Chrysophyllum albidum ) in Abeokuta North Local Government Area of Ogun State, Nigeria

    Prof. Dicta Ogisi et. al.

    ABSTRACT The thrust of this paper was to determine the supply and demand for Chrysophyllum albidum in Abeokuta North Local Government Area of Ogun state Nigeria, with the view to establishing a causal relationship between selected factor variables that affect supply and demand. Primary data were gathered through the use of interview and semi structured questionnaire from marketers in Abeokuta North Local Government Area of Ogun State.

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  36. Determination of Cyanide Content in Three Sweet Cassava Cultivars in Three Local Government Areas of Benue State, Nigeria

    Monday Abel Otache et. al.

    Abstract The cyanide content of the parenchyma (pulp) of three sweet cassava cultivars: Alhaji (Tropical Manihot Selection; TMS 98/0581), Ochengbila (Tropical Manihot Selection; TMS 98/0505), and Onono (Tropical Manihot Selection; TMS 98/0524) from three local government areas of Benue State were studied. Their contents were: TMS 98/0581 (41.46 - 53.40) mg/kg, TMS 98/0505 (45.12 - 58.93) mg/kg and TMS 98/0524 (46.38 - 58.08) mg/kg for all the local government areas. For the peels, it ranged from (63.41 - 108.96) mg/kg for all cultivars.

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  37. Dynamics of vertical profile of radio refractivity in Akure, South-Western Nigeria

    Prof. Ibiyinka Fuwape

    Abstract This research investigated fractal and chaotic dynamics in the vertical profile radio refractivity in the atmosphere using Tsallis Entropy, Hurst Exponent and Largest Lyapunov Exponent (LLE). Daily temperature, relative humidity and radio refractivity data obtained from the European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) Re-Analysis Project at thirty seven (37) different atmospheric pressure level from 1979 - 2014 were used in this study.

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  38. EARLY RELEASES AND VALUE RELEVANCE OF ACCOUNTING INFORMATION: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM NIGERIA

    Josiah Mary (Ph.D), Adetula Samuel Lanrewaju, Bosun-fakunle Yemisi Funmilayo

    ABSTRACT The focus of this study is to examine the value relevance of accounting information in Nigeria. The survey research design is adopted for this study. The simple random sampling technique is used to select a sample of sixty companies covering the period 2006-2012. Secondary data, sourced from annual reports of the selected companies, was employed in the study. For the purpose of this study, we winsorize the data to help screen the population and ensure only timely financial statements are considered. The Ordinary Least Squares Regression was utilized for the analysis. The analysis is conducted on a year-to-year basis. As a general rule, the practice in extant literature in evaluating the value relevance of accounting information is to examine the coefficient (R2) of determination of the model.

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  39. Effect of carbonization on the processing characteristics of rubber seed shell

    J.E. Imanah et. al.

    ABSTRACT The effect of carbonization on the processing characteristics of rubber seed shell powder was studied. Rubber seed shells were carbonized at different temperatures and then ground into fine powder. The various powders obtained were then characterized by pH, bulk density, moisture content, iodine adsorption value, yield%, conductivity and loss on ignition.

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  40. EFFECT OF ECOPRENEURSHIP ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE OF SELECTED MANUFACTURING FIRMS IN AFRICA EVIDENCE FROM NIGERIA

    Ernest Jebolise Chukwuka (Ph.D)

    Abstract This study presents an empirical investigation of the effect of Ecopreneurship on organizational performance of selected manufacturing firms in Nigeria. This study was motivated by the need to solve the environmental problems caused by the activities of profit driven entrepreneurs as well as exploring the benefits to organizations. The study was guided by two key objectives, from which appropriate research questions and hypotheses were formulated.

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  41. Effect of Human Resource Management Practices on Employee Retention and Performance in Nigerian Insurance Industry

    Dr. Ernest Jebolise Chukwuka, Nkiru Peace Nwakoby

    Abstract This study presents an empirical investigation of the effect of Human Resource Management Practices on Employee Retention and Performance in Nigerian Insurance Industry. This study was motivated by the need to solve the problem of high employee turnover in Nigerian Insurance Industry.Employee turnover is an enemy of productivity and increases cost of running a business. Human Resources (HR) are the most valuable asset of any organization that is why incessant increase in turnover of skillful human resource in an organization will create a gap that will take time to fill at extra cost.

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  42. Effect of Preservation on Two Different Varieties of Vernonia amygdalina Del. (Bitter) Leaves

    Akpovwehwee A. Anigboro et. al.

    Abstract Vernonia amygdalina Del. is one of the leafy vegetables that can be used in an attempt to alleviate the problem of micronutrient malnutrition, prominent in tropical Africa. In order to ensure avail- ability in non-growing areas or seasons, the vegetable needs to be preserved. Processing and pre- servation methods influence the nutrient content of vegetables.

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  43. Effects of Direct and Indirect Instructional Strategies on Students’ Achievement in Mathematics

    Oladayo, O. T and Oladayo, C. E.

    Abstract This is a quasi experimental research designed to determine the effects of Direct and Indirect instructional strategies on Mathematics achievement among junior secondary school students. The population consisted of students in a Public Secondary School in Owerri, Imo State.

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  44. EFFECTS OF INDIVIDUALIZED AND CONVENTIONAL INSTRUCTION ON MATHEMATICS ACHIEVEMENT OF LOW-ACHIEVING STUDENTS

    OLADAYO, O. T.; PROF. NWANKWO, O. C

    Abstract

    Education is the process of making every individual functional. It entails developing the innate potential of every individual irrespective of his/her needs and challenges. The need to cater for every child in the school learning environment is therefore imperative.

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  45. Emotional Intelligence and Leadership Success of Secondary School Principals in Rivers State, Nigeria

    Ekeh, P. U. and Oladayo, O. T.

    Abstract This is an expost facto research designed to determine the influence of emotional intelligence on leadership success of secondary school principals in Rivers State of Nigeria. The population consisted 441 principals (243 in public and 198 in private) secondary schools in Rivers State. A sample of 208 principals drawn through simple random sampling technique (balloting) was used. Three research questions and three null hypotheses guided the study.

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  46. ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF NIGERIA

    Adediran Samson A., Bosun-fakunle Yemisi Funmilayo, Olopade David

    ABSTRACT This study examines the impact of entrepreneurship on the economic development of Nigeria. The main objective of the study is to emphatically evaluate the relationship between entrepreneurship and productivity and employment generation in Nigeria. Data for the study were generated through questionnaires (primary sources) which were administered to two hundred and fifty respondents randomly selected from Federal Ministry of labour and production and some ownership of small scale businesses in Edo State.

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  47. Ethical Practices of the Professional Accountant in Nigeria

    Prof. Famous I.O. Izedonmi, Bukola A. Akadakpo (Mrs)

    Abstract There exists a gap between what is documented in form of ethical codes and what some professional accountants really practice. The main focus of this research is to examine the extent of ethical values reflected in professional practice of accountancy profession in Nigeria. Primary data were collected by means of questionnaire and the secondary data were sourced from professional journals of various accountancy bodies.

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  48. Evaluation of physiochemical properties of crude oil and its impact on water quality

    Monday Abel Otache et. al.

    ABSTRACT The Nigerian economy has improved overtime due to the prevailing role of Crude oil generation, but its spillage poses a big threat to agriculture and human health in all oil producing regions potentially causing damage to the structure and function of the ecosystem. In this investigation, the physiochemical properties of unrefined petroleum and its conductivity as its impacts on water quality was investigated. Series of tests performed using methods of American Standard for Testing Material (ASTM) to assess the various physiochemical properties of crude oil.

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  49. Evaluation of Professional Accountancy Education and Training in Nigeria

    Prof. Famous Izedonmi and Dr. Augustine Oke Okolie

    Abstract This paper critically appraises the adequacy of the level and substance of the education and training that are required to prepare and equip the professional accountants to deal with the changing demands of the dynamic business environment in Nigeria. The methodology involved the use of library research and a review of available documentary evidences on the subject matter.

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  50. Evaluation of public awareness and attitude to pulmonary tuberculosis in a Nigerian rural community

    Philip Ifesinachi Anochie, et. al.

    Abstract Introduction Community based interventions have long been linked to tuberculosis control efforts. Effectively treated and cured patients living within their home communities are often the best advocates and may become the drivers of social mobilization to support control of tuberculosis.

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  51. Evaluation of the Therapeutic Efficacy of Antiretroviral Drugs used in the Clinical Management of HIV/ AIDS Infection

    Anochie P. I. et. al.

    Abstract The protease inhibitors are potent antiretroviral drugs because the protease activity is absolutely essential for production of infectious viruses. The newest class of drugs is the fusion inhibitors that blocks virus entry into cells. Persistent virus production is facilitated further by sub-inhibitory drug levels in infected cells or by host immune failure.

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  52. EXAMINATION MALPRACTICE IN NIGERIA

    OLADAYO C. E. et. al

    ABSTRACT

    Education stands for in terms of its meaning, aims or objectives and its philosophy in the development of an individual for he/she usefulness to himself and the society where he finds himself and in relation to helping to achieve the nation’s developmental goal cannot be achieve except the cancerous menace of examination malpractice is prevented or eradicated where its rear its head. Because of the far reaching effects of examination malpractice at undermining everything that education stands to achieve, the authors highlighted its meaning, prevalence, causes, effects and practical ways of curbing it in Nigerian educational system.

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  53. Factors Affecting Audit Quality in Nigeria

    Eyesan Leslie DABOR et. al.

    Abstract This research was carried out in order to investigate the factors affecting audit quality in Nigeria. The primary data were supplied by 430 respondents across several stakeholders in the fields of financial reporting and auditing. The secondary data were generated from the financial statements of forty annual reports of companies quoted on the Nigerian Stock Exchange. The test of hypotheses and other analysis of data were done using SPSS, version 17.

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  54. FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING BASED RATIOS AND STOCK MARKET RETURNS OF SOME SELECTED NIGERIAN DEPOSIT MONEY BANKS

    Dr. J.K.J ONUORA, EVBOTA CEPHAS IMUENTINYAN, OSEMWEGIE OKHOMINA JOY

    ABSTRACT The study examines the impact of financial accounting based ratios on stock market returns of some selected deposit money banks quoted in the Nigerian bourse. The finance based ratios include earnings per share ratio (EPS), Price earnings ratio (PE) and Market to Book Value ratio (MBV). The control variables adopted to make the analysis more robust is Book Value ratio. The study adopted daily stock market returns data for a time frame that ranges from financial year ended 2008 to 2013; and, applied multiple regression methodology, which enables easy analysis of the impact of a set of independent variables on a selected dependent variable. The results showed that earnings per share (EPS) ratio has an insignificant impact on market returns performance of the deposit money banks.

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  55. FIRM ATTRIBUTE AND FINANCIAL REPORTING QUALITY: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS

    Josiah Mary, Prince Famous Izedonmi, Bosun-fakunle Yemisi Funmilayo

    ABSTRACT This study examined the firm attributes and financial reporting quality in Nigeria stock exchange using sample of 30 quoted companies, for 2011. The data were analyzed and result estimated using ordinary least squares (OLS) regression. The result showed that there Is no relationship between profitability and financial reporting quality and that there is no significant relationship exist between chief executive officer duality and financial reporting quality.

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  56. FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: PANEL ESTIMATION FOR SUB-SAHARAN AFRICAN COUNTRIES

    AHURU ROLLE R.

    Abstract It has been widely claimed that foreign direct investment (FDI) stimulates economic growth. In this study, an attempt is made to verify this for ten selected Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries using data spanning from 2008 to 2013 obtained from world development indicators. Preliminary analysis conducted indicates that the regression assumption tests as the ARCH test for heteroscedasticity, the Lagrangian multiplier test for higher autocorrelation and the Ramsey Reset test for mis-specification of models show that ordinary least square (OLS) estimation is appropriate.

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  57. Forensic Accounting and Financial Crimes: Adopting the Inference, Relevance and Logic Solution Approach

    Prof. Famous Izedonmi (FCA), Peter Okoeguale Ibadin (MBA, M.Sc. ACA.)

    Abstract This study examines some basic and common financial crimes in corporate organizations, situating the focus on Nigeria, and by extension, the developing world. No doubt, financial crimes have affected individuals and corporate organizations negatively. Some instances of corporate scandals, occasioned by financial crimes, have put accounting professional bodies into a new perception and paradigm that go beyond statutory audit.

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  58. FRACTAL AND ENTROPY ANALYSIS OF NIGERIAN ALL SHARE INDEX (ASI) AND GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP)

    Prof. Ibiyinka Fuwape

    ABSTRACT Nigeria is one of the fastest growing economy in the world. This study aims to investigate the dynamics of two important economic indices in Nigeria – All Share Index (ASI) and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) using the Hurst and Entropy measures. Data used in this study were obtained from the Central Bank of Nigeria for the period 1981 – 2012.

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  59. GENERALIZED HYERS-ULAM STABILITY OF SECOND ORDER LINEAR ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION WITH INITIAL CONDITION

    M. I. MODEBEI, O.O. OLAIYA, I. OTAIDE

    Abstract The stability of ordinary differential equation has been investigated and this investigation is ongoing. In this work, we investigate the stability of second-order linear ordinary differential nonhomogeneous equation with initial condition in the Hyers-Ulam sense.

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  60. Government Accountability and Voluntary Tax Compliance in Nigeria

    Professor Famous Izedonmi, Prince Kennedy Modugu and Emmanuel Eragbhe

    ABSTRACT This study examines the nexus between government accountability and voluntary tax compliance based on the theoretical framework that there exist a relational fiscal/social contract between the state and the citizens. Specifically, the hypothesis that voluntary tax compliance is influenced by the individuals’ perception of government accountability was specified and tested.

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  61. GOVERNMENT POLICY ON PRIVATIZATION OF POWER IN NIGERIA: END-USERS FINANCIAL COST PERSPECTIVE

    Edward Ogbonnia Eleje, Peter C. Anienwelu, Bosun-fakunle Yemisi Funmilayo

    ABSTRACT Since the privatization of the power sector in Nigeria in 1999, the cost impact to end-users have not received adequate empirical evaluation. Using data from consumers of privatized electricity power in Enugu State, this paper sought to evaluate the significant effect of privatization on end-users of electricity product. The survey research method was employed with two major hypotheses formulated to govern the study. Respondents were selected using random sampling technique and generated data was tested with Z-test statistic.

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  62. Graft Polymerization of Polyacrylonitrile onto Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) Seed Shell-Cellulosic and its Utilization Potential for Heavy Metal Uptake from Aqueous Medium

    J.E. Imanah et. al.

    ABSTRACT Graft polymerization of polyacrylonitrile onto cellulosic material obtained from Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) seed shell using ceric ammonium nitrate as initiator was investigated. The conditions of grafting (e.g. duration of soaking of cellulosic material in ceric ammonium nitrate solution, concentration of ceric ammonium nitrate solution, polymerization time, temperature of reaction, acrylonitrile concentration and saponification time) to study their influence on percent grafting yield and grafting efficiency were evaluated.

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  63. Growth of Raphia farinifera and Elaeis guineensis Wine Yeast on Cassava (Manihot esculenta) and Poultry Manure Media

    Akpovwehwee A. Anigboro et. al.

    Abstract The aim of this research was to determine the suitability of cassava (Manihot esculenta) and poultry manure (locally available resources) as substrates for the production of raffia and palm wine yeasts. Yeast growth was estimated as a measure of their medium’s optical density at 600 nm (OD 600 nm ) after 36 h of growth.

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  64. HIV/AIDS AND AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT IN SELECTED SUB-SAHARAN AFRICAN COUNTRIES: PANEL ESTIMATION

    Igbaudumhe Peter Sede and Rolle Remi Ahuru

    ABSTRACT Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) constitutes only ten percent of global population yet she bears sixty percent of global HIV burden. This is, by all means, an over-proportionate share of global HIV burden. In 1997, of the thirty million people living with HIV, worldwide, twenty-one million people live in SSA. The study examined the impact of HIV burden on agricultural output for eleven countries in SSA for the period 2001- 2011.

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  65. Identifiable Corrupt Practices Among Staff and Students of Secondary Schools in Delta State of Nigeria

    Daniel Duwovwiji Whawo

    Abstract This survey research was conducted to ascertain if there are any identifiable corrupt practices in secondary schools in Delta State of Nigeria. It also sought to catalogue the evils which corruption has done to Secondary Education in the country.

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  66. Ill-Equipped Environment: Pedagogical Implications for Computing and Information Technology

    F.I Amadin & A.C. Obienu

    ABSTRACT In the globalised world, technology has become the in-thing as countries and/or organisations devise means of gaining a competitive edge over others. In view of this, education systems in individual countries need to be tailormade to suit this endeavor. Computing education, on the other hand, is very important to the development of a nation. It helps in the understanding of information technology. Despite the importance of this subject, the delivery of computing education and training was variable in quality.

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  67. IMPACT OF TAX AUDIT ON FEDERAL GOVERNMENT REVENUE GENERATION IN NIGERIA

    Dr. A. S. Anichebe, Evbota Cephas.I. B.Sc; M.Sc, Osemwegie O. Joy

    ABSTRACT This paper focused on the impact of tax audit and investigation on federal government revenue generation in Nigeria. To achieve this, data were gathered from primary source and in analysing the data gathered the One Sample T-test statistical method was used. The study finds that there is a significant relationship between tax audit and federal government revenue generation. The paper recommends that tax audit should be carried out effectively in order to guarantee federal government revenue generation.

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  68. Implications of Treasury Single Account on Financial Flows in Public Institutions in Nigeria

    ELEJE, Edward Ogbonnia (Ph.D), ADEBAYO, Gbenga Ayodele, Bosun-fakunle Yemisi Funmilayo

    ABSTRACT Paper investigates Treasury Single Account (TSA) implications on financial flows in public institutions in Nigeria.Using data from four (4) federal universities in the north-east and north-central geopolitical zones of the country namely; Federal University of Technology, Yola; Federal University, Wukari, Federal University of Agriculture, Markurdi, and Federal University, Lafia, the paper sought to empirically evaluate the significant effect of TSA on financial disbursements as well as financial leakages. Two major hypotheses were formulated to govern the study.

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  69. INCIDENCE OF SCHOOL EXCLUSION AMONG HIGH STUDENTS: NEED FOR INTERVENTION

    DR. OLADAYO, O. T.

    ABSTRACT This was a descriptive survey research designed to determine the incidence of school exclusion and its causes among secondary school students in the Niger Delta areas of Nigeria. The population for the study was all the 851 secondary school principals and 504,889 students: Bayelsa (47,834); Rivers (225,258) and Delta (231,897) students.

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  70. Increased-order generalized synchronization of chaotic and hyperchaotic systems

    Prof. Ibiyinka A. Fuwape et. al.

    ABSTRACT This paper presents increased-order generalized synchronization (GS) of chaotic and hyperchaotic systems with different order based on active control technique. By this technique, we design suitable control functions to achieve GS between (i) a new three-dimensional (3D) chaotic system and four-dimensional (4D) hyperchaotic Lorenz system and (ii) four-dimensional hyperchaotic Lorenz system and five-dimensional (5D) hyperchaotic Lorenz system. The corresponding numerical simulation results are presented to verify the effectiveness of this technique.

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  71. INTERNAL CONTROL SYSTEM AND FINANCIAL REPORTING QUALITY

    Offor, T.N. PhD, Evbota Cephas.I. B.Sc; M.Sc, Osemwegie O. Joy

    ABSTRACT The study examines the impact of internal control system on financial reporting quality in Nigeria based on a sample of 10 companies’ annual reports for the years 2010-2013. The data were analysed and result estimated using ordinary least square regression which was complemented with the panel data estimation technique. The findings revealed that there is a positive relationship between internal control, accrual, cash from operating activities and financial reporting quality in Nigeria. It was also observed that there is a negative relationship between firm size and financial reporting quality.

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  72. Internet of Things (IoT): Implications of a Wide Scale Use in Nigeria

    Amadin F. I, Egwuatu J. O & Obienu A. C.

    ABSTRACT The research focus on Internet of things (IoT) innovations as it applies to the needs identified in the nation Nigeria and towards the upliftment of the living standards of the people. IoT is a new innovation that is gaining wide awareness and acceptance in several fields due to its practical relevance in everyday life improvement. However, its impact is not conspicuously evident in Nigeria. This might be probably traced to low level of awareness, illiteracy, poverty, insufficiency or lack of facilitating condition.

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  73. INVESTIGATION OF HAEMATOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF Terminalia macroptera STEM BARK VIA PLATELET-TO-LYMPHOCYTE RATIO AMONG OTHER BLOOD PARAMETERS IN Wistar RATS
    A. E. Akpovona and I. O. Onoagbe

    Abstract: This study investigated the effects of aqueous and ethanol extracts of Terminalia macroptera stem bark (TMSB) in Wistar rats via white blood cell count and its differentials; erythrocytic parameters (EP) [red blood cell count, haemoglobin, packed cell volume, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular haemoglobin and mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration]; platelet count and plateletto-lymphocyte ratio (PLR). Daily oral administration of extracts at low (50 and 200 mg/kg), mid (400 and 600 mg/kg) and high doses (1000 and 1200 mg/kg) were delivered to four female rats in six groups respectively for 28 days while control group received distilled water.

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  74. Investors Reliance on Profit Forecast Disclosed in Prospectus: An Empirical Evaluation

    Bosun-fakunle Yemisi Funmilayo, YEMISI F. AND ADEBAYO, GBENGA A.

    ABSTRACT Accounting information plays a central role because of the fact that there is information asymmetry between company management and investors. Investing in a company depends on the level of confidence the investor has in the company which is determined by the performance of the firm in terms on its profitability and dividend. The prospectus contains the profit forecast which is an estimate of financial results made in advance of completion of financial statement. Thus, the main objective of this research is to empirically examine the reliability of profit forecast disclosed in prospectus issues. The study also attempted to determine the relationship between stock and the earnings forecast. Four hypotheses were stated and tested.

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  75. MACROECONOMICS OF OIL PRICE VOLATILITY

    Rolle Remi Ahuru and Uffie Edison James

    Abstract: Nigeria has a long history with oil. Among the challenges associated with oil, frequent changes in the prices of oil have produced macro-fiscal risk for the country. This study attempts to verity the direct and indirect impact of oil price volatility on Nigeria’s economy. The indirect impact attempts to trace the impact of oil price volatility on selected macroeconomic variables through public expenditure, while the direct impacts tied the same selected macroeconomic variables directly on oil price volatility.

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  76. MAIN BARRIERS AND POSSIBLE ENABLERS OF GOOGLE APPS FOR EDUCATION ADOPTION AMONG UNIVERSITY STAFF MEMBERS

    F.I Amadin & A.C. Obienu

    ABSTRACT Understanding users’ acceptance is a key factor for the development and success of Educational Technologies (ETs), as access to these technologies alone does not guarantee use, nor does it determine the benefit for the intended user. This study aimed to investigate the issue with acceptance and use of Google Apps for Education (GAFE) and examine factors that influence and predict acceptance and use among University of Benin Staff Members. A sample of 200 University staff members took part in the research.

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  77. Mandatory Audit Rotation and Audit Independence: Survey of Southern Nigeria

    Prof. Famous Izedonmi, John Chika Onwuchekwa and Dominic Erah Abstract The quest for mandatory audit rotation has been a concern to academics, investors, practitioners and the public at large. This study is designed to determine the relationship between mandatory audit rotation and audit independence in Southern Nigeria. The data used were collected through the distribution of questionnaires to investors, lecturers, consultants, accountants and auditors in Southern Nigeria.

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  78. Measurements and Analysis of the Electrical Conductivity of Selected Honey Samples in Nigeria

    Godwin Kparobo Agbajor, Monday Abel Otache and Ambrose Emuobonuvie Akpovona

    ABSTRACT Honey is a natural complex food product produced by bees from nectar of plants and from honeydew. It is a unique sweetening agent that can be used by humans without processing. The study is based on the determination and analysis of the electrical conductivity of this natural product with change in temperature.

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  79. Model Alternative Strategies for Tuberculosis and Human Immune Deficiency Virus Case-Finding in Hard-to-Reach Populations in Rural Eastern Nigeria

    P. I. Anochie et. al.

    ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Since roughly half of all cases of active tuberculosis (TB) and Human immune deficiency virus (HIV) infection currently go undetected, there is a compelling need to pursue research aimed at improving case-finding, particularly among hard-to-reach populations.

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  80. Multi-Tenancy Approach: An Emerging Paradigm for Database Consolidation

    F.I Amadin & A.C. Obienu

    ABSTRACT In the past, organizations have tried to consolidate their data onto a single database. However, they have encountered a number of difficulties such as namespace problem, access control to multi-use databases and high operational cost. This paper considered multi-tenancy as it applies to database consolidation. Its relevance in the area of cost, access right and management within an organization. This paper will guide database administrators and developers to decide on the approach to employ in projects involving databases.

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  81. Natural Products from African Medicinal Plants for Antituberculosis Therapy

    Philip Ifesinachi Anochie

    ABSTRACT This review examines natural products from medicinal plants from Africa as a source of anti- tuberculosis agents. A good number of plant secondary metabolites are reported to have antitubercular activity comparable to the existing antitubercular drugs or sometimes even better. Information regarding the chemistry and pharmacology of plants leads to insight into their structure–activity relationship and potency.

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  82. Natural Products from African Medicinal Plants for Antituberculosis Therapy

    Philip Ifesinachi Anochie

    ABSTRACT This review examines natural products from medicinal plants from Africa as a source of anti- tuberculosis agents. A good number of plant secondary metabolites are reported to have antitubercular activity comparable to the existing antitubercular drugs or sometimes even better. Information regarding the chemistry and pharmacology of plants leads to insight into their structure–activity relationship and potency. A well-defined strategy is required to exploit these phytomolecules as antitubercular drugs.

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  83. Nigerian Commercial Banks and Creative Accounting Practices

    Prof. Famous Izedonmi and Beshiru Sanusi

    ABSTRACT: This study is an empirical investigation on the opinions of experienced staff of commercial banks on creative accounting practices in Nigerian commercial banks. To achieve the objective of this study research questions were raised, hypotheses formulated, and a review of related literature was made. The population of this study is the staff of commercial banks currently operating in Nigeria. Quota sampling technique was adopted for this study.

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  84. OPTIMISM AND SELF EFFICACY AS PREDICTORS OF ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AMONG SPECIAL NEEDS LEARNERS

    Dr. Oladayo, O. T.

    ABSTRACTThis is a correlational research aimed at determining the extent to which optimism and self- efficacy predict academic achievement among special needs learners in Port Harcourt, Rivers State of Nigeria. The population consisted 137 special needs learners (hearing (and visually impaired) in a public Special school. A sample of 75 special needs learners (60 hearing impaired and 15 visually impaired) was drawn through proportionate sampling technique.

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  85. PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT AND THE DECISION TO PARTICIPATE IN SMALL AND MICRO AGRIBUSINESS ENTERPRISES IN DELTA S TATE , NIGERIA

    Prof. Dicta Ogisi and Emmanuel O. Inoni

    Abstract In order to examine the performance of small and micro agribusiness enterprises (SMAE) as well as factors that determine entrepreneur’s participation, 561 enterprises were randomly drawn from urban and peri-urban locations in Delta State, Nigeria.

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  86. Phase synchronization between tropospheric radio refractivity and rainfall amount in a tropical region

    Prof. Ibiyinka Fuwape

    Abstract This study investigated linear and nonlinear relationship between the amount of rainfall and radio refractivity in a tropical country, Nigeria using forty seven locations scattered across the country. Correlation and Phase synchronization measures were used for the linear and nonlinear relationship respectively.

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  87. PHYSICO-MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF RUBBER SEED SHELL CARBON – FILLED NATURAL RUBBER COMPOUNDS

    J.E. Imanah et. al.

    ABSTRACT Samples of rubber seed shells were carbonized at varying temperatures (100, 200, 300, 400, 500, 600, 700 and 800 °C) for three hours each and sieved through a 150 µm screen. The portion of the rubber seed shell carbon that passed through the screen was characterized in terms of loss on ignition, surface area, moisture content, pH, bulk density, and metal content and used in compounding natural rubber. The characterization shows that the pH, conductivity, loss on ignition and the surface area increases with the increases of the heating temperature, unlike the bulk density which decreases.

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  88. Polynomial Solutions of Bloch NMR Flow Equations for Classical and Quantum Mechanical Analysis of Fluid Flow in Porous Media

    Prof. Ibiyinka A. Fuwape et. al.

    ABSTRACT In many NMR experiments it is noticed that liquids confined in porous materials exhibit properties that are different from those of the bulk fluid. Determining the relationship between macroscopic properties and the microscopic structure of porous materials and their components has been difficult. Despite decades of study, researchers’ understanding is generally limited to empirical correlations based on laboratory measurements. Only recently have researchers been able to calculate a few of the macroscopic physical properties of rocks from first principles.

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  89. Proximate Analysis and Mineral Composition of Peels of Three Sweet Cassava Cultivars

    Monday Abel Otache et. al.

    ABSTRACT The nutrient yields from three different peels of sweet cassava cultivars (Manihot esculenta Crantz) from three local government areas of Otukpo, Apa and Ushongo in Benue State were investigated. These cultivars include; TMS 98/0581, TMS 98/0505, and TMS 98/0524. The proximate analysis and mineral contents were determined according to the method of A.O.A.C. (1990) and triple acid digestion respectively.

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  90. Proximate and Mineral composition of leaves of Azadirachta indica

    Monday Abel Otache and Godwin Kparobo Agbajor

    Abstract Herbal consumption has been on the increase in recent time, growing concern in its usage with regards to safety in terms of its toxicity cannot be overemphasized. The leaves of Neem (Azadirachta indica) commonly known in Nigeria as ‘’Dogonyaro’’ were collected from three major locations in Otukpo Local Government Areas of Benue State, Nigeria. The sites were designated the depicting code of O Mr (Market Road),O Ar (Adoka road) and O Ur (Upu Road).

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  91. PROXIMATE AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSES OF MATURE STEM BARK OF Terminalia macroptera Guill. & Perr.

    Ambrose Emuobonuvie Akpovona et. al.

    Abstract The proximate and phytochemical constituents of matured stem bark of Terminalia macroptera (TM) were investigated. Aqueous and ethanolic extracts of the plant’s stem bark were obtained by conventional solvent extraction (CSE) and analyzed using spectrophotometry and gravimetry methods. The results showed moisture (5.26 ± 0.11 %), ash (2.68 ± 0.06 %), fibre (6.67 ± 0.16 %), lipid (0.53 ± 0.01 %), protein (11.84 ± 0.45 %) and carbohydrate (73.01 ± 0.60 %) contents.

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  92. Public Perception and Attitude towards Value Added Tax (VAT) in Nigeria

    Adesina Olugoke Oladipupo, Famous Prince Izedonmi

    ABSTRACT This study assesses the level of tax education, particularly the level of understanding of VAT law amongst three categories of taxpayers in Nigeria. The data for the study were collected by means of structured questionnaires administered to the respondents. The analysis of results showed that most of the respondents have poor knowledge of VAT law in Nigeria, irrespective of their level of literacy, and that there was no significant difference in the amount of knowledge of VAT law amongst the three groups of respondents used for the study.

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  93. Quantitative Determination of Sugars in Three Varieties of Cassava Pulp

    Monday Abel Otache et. al.

    ABSTRACT Aims: Carbohydrate stands out among the various classes of food synthesized by plants. It has the highest proportion in cassava tuber which is a staple root crop in many developing countries, especially in West Africa. This research is aimed at determining the sugar contents in cassava tuber. In this examination, the sugar contents were further analyzed at the development phases of the tubers.

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  94. Recent advances in the diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    Philip Ifesinachi Anochie et. al.

    Abstract Molecular technologies offer the greatest potential for laboratories in resource-rich countries because they have the highest sensitivity and specificity. Continued use of new technologies will be crucial in elucidating the true epidemiology and pathogenesis of a disease, including the less well studied diseases. Continued development of affordable, sensitive, and specific diagnostic tools will be required for use in resource-poor settings, where the incidence of disease is highest.

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  95. Resource use efficiency and profitability of fluted pumpkin production in Ukwuani local government area of Delta State, Nigeria

    Prof. Dicta Ogisi et. al.

    Abstract The paper examined resource-use and profitability of fluted pumpkin (Telfaria occidentalis Hook F. Cucurbitaceae) production in Ukwuani local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria. Primary data were obtained from questionnaire administered to 140 fluted pumpkin farmers drawn using systematic sampling techniques from the study area.

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  96. SHARE PRICES, INSIDER DEALINGS AND CREATIVE ACCOUNTING PRACTICES: The Nigerian Listed Non-Financial Services Companies in Perspective.

    OKOUGHENU, Sunday Azeita , EVBOTA, Cephas Imuentinyan, AMUGHORO, Onome Austin

    ABSTRACT The study investigated the relationship between share prices, insider dealings and creative accounting practices in Nigerian listed non-financial services companies for the year 2008-2016. The study adopted a quantitave research design. The strategy involved a panel regression and data were retrieved from the annual reports and accounts of the studied companies. Rregression was used to analysed the data and it was revealed by random effect regression model that share prices had a positive and significant relationship with creative accounting practices in Nigerian listed non-financial companies at 5% level of significance. In addition, the study found that insider dealings had a significant and negative relationship with creative accounting practices in Nigerian listed non-financial services companies. The study concluded that the reason for the significant relationship beween the share prices, insider dealings with creative accounting practices could be because they had a direct benefit to either the management or the company itself. Hence, the study recommended that; investors need to consider a change in earnings when making investment decisions in order to maximise their returns and good corporate governance practice should be encouraged.

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  97. Spatial variation of deterministic chaos in mean daily temperature and rainfall over Nigeria

    Prof. Ibiyinka Fuwape

    Abstract Daily rainfall and temperature data from 47 locations across Nigeria for the 36-year period 1979–2014 were treated to time series analysis technique to investigate some nonlinear trends in rainfall and temperature data. Some quantifiers such as Lyapunov exponents, correlation dimension, and entropy were obtained for the various locations.

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  98. Spontaneous firing statistics and information transfer in electroreceptors of paddlefish

    Prof. Ibiyinka Fuwape and Alexander B. Neiman

    ABSTRACT We study information processing in a peripheral sensory receptor system which possesses spontaneous dynamics with two distinct rhythms. Such organization was found in the electrosensory system of paddlefish and is represented by two distinct and unidirectionally coupled oscillators, resulting in biperiodic spontaneous firing patterns of sensory neurons. We use computational modeling to elucidate the functional role of spontaneous oscillations in conveying information from sensory periphery to the brain. We show that biperiodic organization resulting in nonrenewal statistics of background neuronal activity leads to significant improvement in information transfer through the system as compared to an equivalent renewal model.

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  99. STATE OF ICT EDUCATION IN NIGERIA: IMPLICATIONS FOR ACTUALIZATION OF VISION 20: 2020.

    OLADAYO, O. T

    Abstract Information and Communication Technology crucial to the country’s achievement of Vision 20: 2020. Its positive effects and impact cut across all sectors in Nigeria. The Nigeria’s Vision 20: 2020 recognized the important role of ICT in education towards fast tracking its achievements to make Nigeria one of the 20 th economies of the world. The objectives of ICTs in the Nigerian Vision 20: 2020 is well articulated at making the education sector ICT driven.

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  100. Sustainability-Oriented Practices of Eco-Innovation, Eco-Commitment and Organizational Performance of A Developing Economy

    Dr. Ernest Jebolise Chukwuka, Udo-Nwokocha NWOMIKO

    Abstract This study presents an empirical investigation of Sustainability oriented practices of Eco-innovation, Eco-commitment and organizational performance of a developing economy. This study was also motivated by the need to solve the environmental problems caused by the activities of profit driven entrepreneurs in developing economy as well as exploring the benefits to organizations. The study was guided by three key objectives, from which appropriate research question and hypotheses were formulated.

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  101. Synchronization in a chain of nearest neighbors coupled oscillators with fixed ends

    Prof. Ibiyinka Fuwape et. al./p>

    ABSTRACT We investigate a system of coupled phase oscillators with nearest neighbors coupling in a chain with fixed ends.We find that the system synchronizes to a common value of the time-averaged frequency, which depends on the initial phases of the oscillators at the ends of the chain. This time-averaged frequency decays as the coupling strength increases. Near the transition to the frozen state, the time-averaged frequency has a power law behavior as a function of the coupling strength, with synchronized time-averaged frequency equal to zero.

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  102. Synthesis of Solutions to Corruption in Primary Education in Delta State of Nigeria

    Dr. Daniel D. Whawo

    Abstract This survey of primary school teachers in Delta State of Nigeria, was undertaken to evolve actionable strategies for providing solution to corruption in the primary school system. Three research questions were drawn up to establish the opinions of the respondents (teachers) on ways to achieve a corruption-free primary education, tackle fraud in the schools and institutionalise transparency and accountability in them.

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  103. TAX AUDIT AND INVESTIGATION AND TAX COMPLIANCE: PERCEPTION OF TAX PAYERS IN BENIN CITY

    Dr. A. S. Anichebe, Evbota Cephas.I. B.Sc; M.Sc, Osemwegie O. Joy

    ABSTRACT This study was carried out with the aim to examine tax audit and investigation and tax compliance – perception of tax payers in Benin City. The instrument used for the purpose of this research was primary source. The researcher administered a total of one hundred (100) questionnaires to respondents, out of which ninety-seven (97) was retrieved and was used for the presentation and analyses. The hypotheses were tested using Ordinary Least Square (OLS) regression technique.

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  104. TAX REFORMS AND INVESTMENT IN NIGERIA: AN EMPIRICAL EXAMINATION

    NWOKOYE, G. A. & ROLLE, R. A.

    Abstract This study is informed by the quest to examine the investment implication of the series of tax reforms in Nigeria, particularly the tax reforms of 2003 and National tax policy of 2012. Annual time series data spanning the years (1981-2012) were utilized. Preliminary diagnostic test was conducted to examine whether the estimated model satisfies the OLS assumptions. The basic assumptions of the OLS were satisfied.

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  105. TB/HIV/AIDS Infection Coping Strategies in Nigeria

    Anochie Philip Ifesinachi et. al.

    ABSTRACT Background: At least 7 out of every 10 persons living with Tuberculosis (TB) and Human immune deficiency virus (HIV) infection in Nigeria’s rural communities live below poverty level. Most suffer from malnutrition and die. What coping mechanisms must be designed for households, the primary care units, for the effective management of the pandemic.

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  106. TESTING THE SOLOW MODEL IN NIGERIA’S ECONOMY

    Rolle Remi Ahuru and Uffie Edison James

    Abstract This study empirically tests the Solow model using the Nigeria’s economy as a case study. The study utilized the ordinary least square techniques and annual time series data spanning the years (1970-2012). The Basic Solow model and the Augmented Solow model were estimated. While the Basic Solow model was completely validated using the Nigeria’s economy, the Augmented Solow model was non-compliant with prescriptions by Romer, Mankiw & Weil.

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  107. THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN SELECTED CORPORATE GOVERNANCE ATTRIBUTES, COMPANY ATTRIBUTES AND TIMELINESS OF FINANCIAL REPORTING IN NIGERIA

    Izilin Mavis Ibadin, Famous Izedonmi and Peter Okoeguale Ibadin

    ABSTRACT This study has been carried out to empirically examine the relationship between corporate governance variables, corporate attributes variables and timeliness in a developing country, Nigeria. Using a sample of 118 listed companies on the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE), the study depended on the use of descriptive statistics and the Ordinary Least Square (OLS) regression analysis. From the study, there appears to be evidence of an unusually long time lag made by Nigerian listed companies included in this study.

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  108. The comparative study of chaoticity and dynamical complexity of the low-latitude ionosphere, over Nigeria, during quiet and disturbed days

    Prof. Ibiyinka A. Fuwape et. al.

    ABSTRACT The deterministic chaotic behavior and dynamical complexity of the space plasma dynamical system over Nigeria are analyzed in this study and characterized. The study was carried out using GPS (Global Positioning System) TEC (Total Electron Content) time series, measured in the year 2011 at three GPS receiver stations within Nigeria, which lies within the equatorial ionization anomaly region. The TEC time series for the five quietest and five most disturbed days of each month of the year were selected for the study. The nonlinear aspect of the TEC time series was obtained by detrending the data.

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  109. THE COST-VOLUME-PROFIT MODEL: A DISCUSS

    Dr. Eyesan Leslie DABOR, Ph.D et. al.

    Abstract A good understanding of cost and revenue behavior is critical to providing decision makers with an understanding of the relationship between a project’s revenues, costs, and profits. Cost Volume Profit analysis emphasizes the interrelationships of costs, quantity sold, and price as well as brings together all of the financial information of the firm.

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  110. The Effect Of Entrepreneurship Education On Students’ Entrepreneurial Intentions

    Prof. Prince Famous Izedonmi, Chinonye Okafor

    Purpose The main aim of this paper is to examine the effect of entrepreneurial education on students’ entrepreneurial intentions. Also the study sought to determine whether such intention usually give rise to entrepreneurial start-up among students.Design/methodology /approach-Primary data comes from 250 students who currently have entrepreneurship as one of their courses in their institution of higher leaning within the south west of the country.

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  111. The Hepato-Renal Effect of Graded Doses of a Glyphosate-Based Herbicide (Roundup) in Rat

    M. O. Alegun and M. A. Adiakpoh

    Abstract Roundup, one of the most widely used glyphosate-based herbicides is classified as hazardous to the environment. Its low persistence leads to repeated applications and consequently, large portions contaminate soil and water bodies, causing harm to non-target species. The hepato-renal toxicity of graded doses (300, 400 and 600 mgKg-1body wt) of roundup on selected serum metabolites, enzymes and hematological parameters was investigated in rats (Wistar strain; 207g± 6 g).

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  112. THE IMPACT OF TAX REFORM ON FEDERAL REVENUE GENERATION IN NIGERIA

    Dickson .E. Oriakhi (PhD) and Rolle R. Ahuru

    Abstract The main objective of this paper is to ascertain the impact of tax reforms on tax revenue generation in Nigeria. Specifically, an attempt will be made to verify the relationship between federally collected revenue and specific tax revenue generation sources. The study employed annual time series data spanning the years (1981-2011). The various income taxes were used as a proxy for tax reforms. By way of preliminary test, the Augmented Dickey fuller was employed to test for unit root.

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  113. The role of rotavirus associated with pediatric gastroenteritis in a general hospital in Lagos, Nigeria

    Philip Ifesinachi Anochie et. al.

    Abstract Introduction: Bacterial, viral and parasitic agents have been implicated and confirmed as causative agents of gastroenteritis in children with ages below 5 years old. The major role of rotavirus as causative agent is not widely recognized within the public health community, particularly in developing countries. This study examined the role of rotavirus as a causative agent of childhood gastroenteritis in infants and young children below 5 years of age in a General Hospital in Lagos, Nigeria.

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  114. The transient variation in the complexes of the low-latitude ionosphere within the equatorial ionization anomaly region of Nigeria

    Prof. Ibiyinka Fuwape et. al.

    ABSTRACT The quest to find an index for proper characterization and description of the dynamical response of the ionosphere to external influences and its various internal irregularities has led to the study of the day-to-day variations of the chaoticity and dynamical complexity of the ionosphere. This study was conducted using Global Positioning System (GPS) total electron content (TEC) time series, measured in the year 2011, from five GPS receiver stations in Nigeria, which lies within the equatorial ionization anomaly region. The non-linear aspects of the TEC time series were obtained by detrending the data.

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  115. THE UTILISATION OF SKILLED ARTISANS AS VOCATIONAL INSTRUCTORS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EDO AND DELTA STATES OF NIGERIA

    Daniel D. WHAWO

    Abstract The 6-3-3-4 system of education in Nigeria has placed much emphasis on the teaching of pre-vocational courses at the secondary school level. These subjects include woodwork, metalwork, electronics, auto mechanics, technical drawing, local crafts, home economics and business studies.

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  116. TIMELINESS OF FINANCIAL REPORT AND CORPORATE ATTRIBUTES IN NIGERIA

    Ogbebor Roland Osamudiame, Prof. E. O. Nwadialor, Evbota Cephas Imuentinyan

    Abstract The broad objective of this study is to find out if corporate attributes affect timeliness of financial reports in Nigerian quoted companies. Timeliness is operationalised as the number of days from the firm’s financial year-end to the publication of financial reports. It also investigates the compliance with the 90 – day period for the publication of financial reports. To achieve this end, this project utilizes a sample of 79 observations, comprising twenty one (21) firms in 2011 and 2012, twenty five (25) in 2013 and twelve (12) firms in 2014 using their annual reports. A number of variables were examined and investigated, using the Ordinary Lest Square (OLS) regression to find the relationship between timeliness and the variables; profitability, audit delay, firm size, debt-equity and audit firm size based on the model adapted from Iyoha (2012).

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  117. Towards An Effective Use of University E-Mail System: A Statistical Study

    F.I Amadin & A.C. Obienu

    ABSTRACT This research paper seeks to provide further understanding of challenges surrounding acceptance of University E-mail system by undergraduate students in University of Benin. This paper integrates the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT2) model, Technology Awareness and Attitude into a comprehensive model of University E-mail System adoption. To empirically test the model a survey is administered to four hundred and ninety-two (492) University Undergraduate students.

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  118. Transcript Request Processing System: A Multi-Tenant Framework

    F.I Amadin & A.C. Obienu

    ABSTRACT The enormous time taken in processing academic transcript has impedes students’ progress, whereby several applicants lose their admission, scholarship and job opportunities. These unpleasant circumstances have necessitated the search for better options. This search for better options resulted to the concept of multi-tenant database as a central repository for students’ record. Since coming into the limelight around 2010, multi-tenancy has been gaining momentum in the computing world as a better means of database deployment with greater accessibility.

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  119. Tuberculosis and Human Immunodeficiency Virus Co-Infection in Rural Eastern Nigeria

    Anochie PI et. al.

    Abstract Background: HIV promotes progression of TB latent infection to active disease and the relapse of TB in previously treated patients. TB is the leading cause of death in HIV infected patients. Each disease speeds p the progress of the other. This study aims to determine the seroprevalence of the HIV infections, the presence of Mycobacteria species and their drug profile and susceptibility patterns.

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  120. University Education vs Students’ Productivity in Computing: The Environment as a Judge

    F.I Amadin & A.C. Obienu

    ABSTRACT Many have had high expectations for the impact of computing education on societal development. By and large, these expectations have not been realized. It has become evident that several factors such as learning environment have tremendous influence in the quality of teaching students receive and the extent of attention they pay to lessons in school. This implies that schools with ill-equipped environments hardly put in the best in their students especially in the area of computing. This scenario has been among the primary reasons for low productivity of students in computing.

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  121. University’s E-mail Activation System

    F.I Amadin & A.C. Obienu

    ABSTRACT University E-mail system exists to support teaching, learning and research needs of their parent institutions. This is done through the provision of free productive tool for classroom communication and collaboration. ICT staffs and researchers are in search for new ways of serving their users more efficiently and effectively to improve its use. In other to ease the email acquisition process, an automated email activation system was design and developed, which provides a user-friendly and straightforward platform that eases the stress users go through before activating their e-mail account as well as facilitates the administrator’s job.

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  122. Validation of the AlereTM Methamphetamine Microplate ELISA for the Detection of Methamphetamine in Oral Fluid

    Monday Abel Otache et. al.

    Abstract Abuse of methamphetamine is one of the major social problem faced by many countries. Oral fluid as an alternative matrix for assessing drugs of abuse is gaining prominence. It is therefore essential to investigate assay performance and limitations of screening techniques for methamphetamine in oral fluid. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity of AlereTM methamphetamine microplate competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the analysis of methamphetamine in oral fluid.

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  123. VALUE RELEVANCE OF ACCOUNTING INFORMATION TO QUOTED NIGERIAN FIRMS

    EVBOTA, Cephas Imuentinyan, Dr. OLOWOYO BANJI JACOB, MR. OHONBA OSAMWONYI ERNEST

    ABSTRACT This paper investigates the value relevance of accounting information to quoted Nigerian firms with the intent of ascertaining if there exist a relationship between publicly available accounting information and share price movements in the Nigerian capital market using Ordinary Least Square (OLS) regression technique. The regression results from our specified model reveals that Earnings Per Share reported in the income and financial statement is the only value relevant financial accounting information and investors mainly depend on stock brokers and non-financial information (fads, rumours and herd mentality) in executing their investment and divestment activities. Therefore, this study recommends that financial reporters should improve the quality of earnings and that stock brokerage firms should adequately train their staff since they are the main source of information to the investors. This recommendation is aimed at ensuring the growth and survival of the Nigerian bourse both in the immediate and long term.

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  124. Women in Physics in Nigeria: Status, Actions, and Progress (2011–2014)

    Prof. Ibiyinka A. Fuwape, Babatunde Rabiu, and Samuel Ogunjo

    Abstract In Nigeria the number of women taking up a career in physics is increasing. The progress made by Nigerian women in physics is presented. The Nigerian Women in Physics working group continues to organize activities to encourage more girls and women into physics. One of such activity is the biannual conference of women in physics in Nigeria.

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MICHAEL AND CECILIA IBRU UNIVERSITY

Ibru Village
Agbarha – Otor
Ughelli North
Delta State
Nigeria

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